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The WHO lists cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as the number 1 cause of death globally, taking an estimated 17.9 million lives each year. Four out of five CVD deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes, and one third of these deaths occur prematurely in people under 70 years of age (https://www.who.int/health-topics/cardiovascular-diseases/)
Cardiovascular disease, or CVD, refers to a variety of health problems with the heart or blood vessels, including heart attacks, heart failure and stroke. The underlying defects remain incompletely understood and asymptomatic vascular damage can accumulate for years before patients are diagnosed.
Risk factors include
* high blood pressure,
* unhealthy eating habits,
* lack of physical exercise,
* smoking and alcohol consumption
The build-up of plaques in blood vessels referred to as atherosclerosis remains the best understood cause for CVD, but little is known about the origin of these plaques and their specific forms, which may be more or less stable. There is no better therapeutic strategy to prevent CVD than living a healthy life. The American Heart Foundation (https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living) suggests besides eating right and being physically active, that real health includes getting enough sleep, managing stress, and connecting socially.
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